Difference between revisions of "Category"

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(Categorical Imperative)
 
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==Context==
 
==Context==
 +
* Whereas a [[Taxonomy]] tries to assign each entity to one and only one taxon, an [[Ontology]] or [[Category]] allows for any sort of overlap of entities into multiple categories.
 +
* Categorization is a prerequisite of any debate. Most debates, however, wind up debating the meanings (or content) of the categories.
 +
* Differing religions require a categorization to survive as described by Max<ref>S. Max ''Seeing Islam as Others Saw It- A Survey and Evaluation of Christian Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam'' https://www.academia.edu/31005715/Seeing_Islam_as_Others_Saw_It_A_Survey_and_Evaluation_of_Christian_Jewish_and_Zoroastrian_Writings_on_Early_Islam?email_work_card=view-paper</ref><blockquote>[In the late antiquity] period a considerable proportion of the apologetic writing seems to derive from real debate. This was particularly true in the early Abbasid era, when there were a number of propitious factors: the cosmopolitan nature of Baghdad and its province, the caliphs' patronage of scholarship, the emergence of Arabic as a ''lingua franca'' the universal deployment of '''dialectical reasoning based upon categorical definitions''', and the proliferation of converts and apostates, which meant that there were many with a genuine knowledge of two religions and with a real will to champion one over the other. But also, quite simply, there were matters that needed debating. Islam prompted questions that had not arisen before, such as "what were the attributes of a true prophet", and challenged long-cherished assumptions, such as that imperial ascendancy confirmed possession of truth. The latter point did put the non-Muslims on the defensive, especially the Christians and Zoroastrians, but for the Muslims too it was to be no easy contest. They were new at the game and entered the arena with only a weakly articulated confessional identity and an underdeveloped battery of doctrine, and it was thus particularly in the sectarian milieu of eighth and ninth-century Iraq that communal boundaries were staked out and dogmatic territories delineated.</blockquote>
  
* Categorization is a prerequisite of any debate.
+
===Categorical Arguments===
* Differing religions require a categorization to survive as described by Max<ref>S. Max ''Seeing Islam as Others Saw It- A Survey and Evaluation of Christian Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam'' https://www.academia.edu/31005715/Seeing_Islam_as_Others_Saw_It_A_Survey_and_Evaluation_of_Christian_Jewish_and_Zoroastrian_Writings_on_Early_Islam?email_work_card=view-paper</ref><blockquote>[In the late] period a considerable proportion of
+
[https://study.com/academy/lesson/categorical-arguments-definition-syllogisms-examples.html Categorical arguments] are logical arguments used to determine the category of an object or concept using a known classification of related or shared characteristics. They are constructed as a syllogism, a structured argument formed by two premises and a conclusion. Usually, the first presented statement is the major premise, while the second statement is the minor premise. The third statement is the conclusion. Consider this collection of '''Categorical Statements''' which taken together make a '''Categorical Argument'''.
the apologetic writing seems to derive from real debate. This was particularly true in the early Abbasid era, when
+
*Major Premise: All animals with fur are mammals.
there were a number of propitious factors: the cosmopolitan
+
*Minor Premise: All dogs have fur.
nature of
+
*Conclusion: All dogs are mammals.
Baghdad
+
Sometimes, a categorical argument can be a sentence, such as the following: ''If all animals with fur are mammals and all dogs have fur, then all dogs are mammals.'' The standard structure is an ''if-and-then'' statement. While we can apply logic to a simple if-then statement using a single premise and conclusion, it will not qualify as a categorical argument without two premises.
and its province,
+
===Categorical Imperative===
the caliphs'
+
A Categorical Statement that is taken as maxim that you would like all others to use as a basis for all of their actions, and perhaps even the basis for all of your actions as well.
patronage
+
 
of scholarship,
+
==Problems==
the emergence of Arabic as a ''lingua franca''
+
* Categorization is often use by one group to exclude others who are not like themselves.
the universal deployment of dialectical reasoning based
+
* Since there is no predetermined clear definition for most categories, the meaning of the category can morph over time to meet the goals any position what-so-ever.
upon categorical definitions,
+
 
and the
+
==References==
proliferation of
 
converts
 
and
 
apostates,
 
which
 
meant
 
that
 
there
 
were
 
many
 
with
 
a genuine knowledge
 
of
 
two religions
 
and
 
with
 
a real will
 
to
 
champion one over
 
the
 
other.
 
But
 
also,
 
quite
 
simply,
 
there
 
were
 
matters
 
that
 
needed debating. Islam
 
prompted
 
questions
 
that
 
had not
 
arisen before, such as
 
what
 
were
 
the attributes
 
of
 
a
 
true
 
prophet, and
 
challenged long-cherished assumptions, such as
 
that
 
imperial
 
ascendancy confirmed possession
 
of
 
truth.
 
6
 
The
 
latter
 
point
 
did
 
put
 
the
 
nonMuslims on
 
the
 
defensive, especially
 
the
 
Christians
 
and
 
Zoroastrians,
 
but
 
for
 
the
 
Muslims too
 
it
 
was
 
to be
 
no easy contest.
 
They
 
were new
 
at
 
the
 
game and entered
 
the arena
 
with
 
only a weakly articulated
 
confessional identity
 
and an
 
underdeveloped
 
battery
 
of doctrine,
 
and
 
it was thus particularly
 
in the
 
sectarian
 
milieu of
 
eighth
 
and ninth-century Iraq
 
that
 
communal boundaries were
 
staked
 
out and
 
dogmatic territories delineated.</blockquote>
 

Latest revision as of 17:41, 23 May 2022

Full Title or Meme

A category is a group of ideas collected under a common heading.

Context

  • Whereas a Taxonomy tries to assign each entity to one and only one taxon, an Ontology or Category allows for any sort of overlap of entities into multiple categories.
  • Categorization is a prerequisite of any debate. Most debates, however, wind up debating the meanings (or content) of the categories.
  • Differing religions require a categorization to survive as described by Max[1]
    [In the late antiquity] period a considerable proportion of the apologetic writing seems to derive from real debate. This was particularly true in the early Abbasid era, when there were a number of propitious factors: the cosmopolitan nature of Baghdad and its province, the caliphs' patronage of scholarship, the emergence of Arabic as a lingua franca the universal deployment of dialectical reasoning based upon categorical definitions, and the proliferation of converts and apostates, which meant that there were many with a genuine knowledge of two religions and with a real will to champion one over the other. But also, quite simply, there were matters that needed debating. Islam prompted questions that had not arisen before, such as "what were the attributes of a true prophet", and challenged long-cherished assumptions, such as that imperial ascendancy confirmed possession of truth. The latter point did put the non-Muslims on the defensive, especially the Christians and Zoroastrians, but for the Muslims too it was to be no easy contest. They were new at the game and entered the arena with only a weakly articulated confessional identity and an underdeveloped battery of doctrine, and it was thus particularly in the sectarian milieu of eighth and ninth-century Iraq that communal boundaries were staked out and dogmatic territories delineated.

Categorical Arguments

Categorical arguments are logical arguments used to determine the category of an object or concept using a known classification of related or shared characteristics. They are constructed as a syllogism, a structured argument formed by two premises and a conclusion. Usually, the first presented statement is the major premise, while the second statement is the minor premise. The third statement is the conclusion. Consider this collection of Categorical Statements which taken together make a Categorical Argument.

  • Major Premise: All animals with fur are mammals.
  • Minor Premise: All dogs have fur.
  • Conclusion: All dogs are mammals.

Sometimes, a categorical argument can be a sentence, such as the following: If all animals with fur are mammals and all dogs have fur, then all dogs are mammals. The standard structure is an if-and-then statement. While we can apply logic to a simple if-then statement using a single premise and conclusion, it will not qualify as a categorical argument without two premises.

Categorical Imperative

A Categorical Statement that is taken as maxim that you would like all others to use as a basis for all of their actions, and perhaps even the basis for all of your actions as well.

Problems

  • Categorization is often use by one group to exclude others who are not like themselves.
  • Since there is no predetermined clear definition for most categories, the meaning of the category can morph over time to meet the goals any position what-so-ever.

References

  1. S. Max Seeing Islam as Others Saw It- A Survey and Evaluation of Christian Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam https://www.academia.edu/31005715/Seeing_Islam_as_Others_Saw_It_A_Survey_and_Evaluation_of_Christian_Jewish_and_Zoroastrian_Writings_on_Early_Islam?email_work_card=view-paper