Full Title or Meme
Docker is a system for building, deploying and running complex images of a program with its runtime.
- With the rise of cloud computing the need arose to give users an easy way to create a run-time package that could be sent to any cloud Platform as a Service provider (PaaS) with complete interoperability.
Docker was released in 2013 and solved many of the problems that developers had running containers end-to-end. It had all these things:
- A container image format
- A method for building container images (Dockerfile/docker build)
- A way to manage container images (docker images, docker rm , etc.)
- A way to manage instances of containers (docker ps, docker rm , etc.)
- A way to share container images (docker push/pull)
- A way to run containers (docker run)
Open Container Initiative
- Open Container Initiative (OCI)
- OCI runtime specification.
- Google code for running containers as a tool and library called runc
When you run a Docker container, these are the steps Docker actually goes through:
- Download the image
- Unpack the image into a "bundle". This flattens the layers into a single filesystem.
- Run the container from the bundle
The portability and reproducibility of a containerized process mean we have an opportunity to move and scale our containerized applications across clouds and datacenters. Containers effectively guarantee that those applications run the same way anywhere, allowing us to quickly and easily take advantage of all these environments. Furthermore, as we scale our applications up, we’ll want some tooling to help automate the maintenance of those applications, able to replace failed containers automatically, and manage the rollout of updates and reconfigurations of those containers during their lifecycle.
Tools to manage, scale, and maintain containerized applications are called orchestrators, and the most common examples of these are Kubernetes and Docker Swarm. Development environment deployments of both of these orchestrators are provided by Docker Desktop, which we’ll use throughout this guide to create our first orchestrated, containerized application.