Difference between revisions of "Exonym"

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==Full Title or Meme==
 
==Full Title or Meme==
A [[Exonym]] is a name given to an entity by a foreign source, often in a different language.
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An [[Exonym]] is a name given to an entity by a foreign source, often in a different language or alphabet.
  
 
==Context==
 
==Context==
* Many web sites require users to have a persistent user name which is unique on their site to identify the user.
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* Many web sites require users to have a persistent user name which is unique on their site to identify the user in the language used by te site.
* As a general rule [[Web Site]]s, and as a practical rule [[Identifier or Attribute Provider]]s require that the pseudonym be unique within their domain; thus the pseudonym@domain.tld will be a valid [[URI]].
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* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endonym_and_exonym Wikipedia defines] [[Exonym]] as a common, external name for a geographical place, group of people, individual person, or a language/dialect, that is used only outside that particular place, group, or linguistic community. Exonyms exist not only for historico-geographical reasons, but also in consideration of difficulties when pronouncing foreign words.
* Some providers will reuse pseudonyms once a connection to a real user has been broken for some specified period of time. Email addresses, in particular, typically have this characteristic.
 
  
 
==Problems==
 
==Problems==
 
* [[User]]s may wish to have some name that is not associated with their real name when the web site requires a persistent user name or they may wish to have separate [[Persona]]s associated (e.g.) with their social self and their work self.
 
* [[User]]s may wish to have some name that is not associated with their real name when the web site requires a persistent user name or they may wish to have separate [[Persona]]s associated (e.g.) with their social self and their work self.
 
* In contexts where names are not validated (of low [[Assurance]]) the problem arises that trolls many adopt the name of some well-known person to be able to make statements that falsely appear to be from the real person.<ref>Jack Nicas, ''Oprah, Is That You? Most Likely, It's Not''. 2018-07-08 New York Times page BU1</ref>
 
* In contexts where names are not validated (of low [[Assurance]]) the problem arises that trolls many adopt the name of some well-known person to be able to make statements that falsely appear to be from the real person.<ref>Jack Nicas, ''Oprah, Is That You? Most Likely, It's Not''. 2018-07-08 New York Times page BU1</ref>
* While some users may think that separate [[Persona]]s cannot be correlated, research has shown that this goal will not be possible<ref>Gina Kolata, ''Can Data be Fully Anonymous? New Algorithms can still identify you'' New York Times (2019-07-24) p A8.</ref><ref>Luc Rocher, Julien M. Hendrickx, Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye, ''Estimating the success of re-identifications in incomplete datasets using generative model'' (2019-07-23) Nature Communications https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-10933-3</ref> That reality does not prevent users from trying to use [[Pseudonym]]s to remain [[Anonymous]], but it will never work against a determined adversary.
 
  
 
==Solutions==
 
==Solutions==
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<references />
 
<references />
 
===Other Links===
 
===Other Links===
* Synonyms for an [[Exonym\\ [[Pseudonym]] ,i [[User Name]], display name,  [[Subject ID]] (sub).
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* Synonyms for an [[Exonym]] include Xenonym, [[Pseudonym]] ,i [[User Name]], display name,  [[Subject ID]] (sub).
 
* Anonym is not used in the context of identity as it does not provide one. It may be used as the condition (Anonymous) of a user prior to accepting (1) a cookie, (2) a fixed IP address, (3) an HTTPS connection or (4) a request for an [[Identifier]].
 
* Anonym is not used in the context of identity as it does not provide one. It may be used as the condition (Anonymous) of a user prior to accepting (1) a cookie, (2) a fixed IP address, (3) an HTTPS connection or (4) a request for an [[Identifier]].
  

Latest revision as of 13:51, 25 April 2021

Full Title or Meme

An Exonym is a name given to an entity by a foreign source, often in a different language or alphabet.

Context

  • Many web sites require users to have a persistent user name which is unique on their site to identify the user in the language used by te site.
  • Wikipedia defines Exonym as a common, external name for a geographical place, group of people, individual person, or a language/dialect, that is used only outside that particular place, group, or linguistic community. Exonyms exist not only for historico-geographical reasons, but also in consideration of difficulties when pronouncing foreign words.

Problems

  • Users may wish to have some name that is not associated with their real name when the web site requires a persistent user name or they may wish to have separate Personas associated (e.g.) with their social self and their work self.
  • In contexts where names are not validated (of low Assurance) the problem arises that trolls many adopt the name of some well-known person to be able to make statements that falsely appear to be from the real person.[1]

Solutions

  • Users are often asked to use their email address as a local user name since the email address is known to be a URI and hence unique in the internet, at least for a period of time.
  • When the user has an option, they often pick some sort of description name, such as a gamertag in a role playing game, which is tested for uniqueness within the relevant name domain.
  • When a user needs to provide some sort of validated attribute for the duration of a session at a web site, a session ID might provide sufficient security to bind the verified attribute for the session duration.

References

  1. Jack Nicas, Oprah, Is That You? Most Likely, It's Not. 2018-07-08 New York Times page BU1

Other Links

  • Synonyms for an Exonym include Xenonym, Pseudonym ,i User Name, display name, Subject ID (sub).
  • Anonym is not used in the context of identity as it does not provide one. It may be used as the condition (Anonymous) of a user prior to accepting (1) a cookie, (2) a fixed IP address, (3) an HTTPS connection or (4) a request for an Identifier.