Difference between revisions of "Explanation"

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==Problems==
 
==Problems==
 
* It is well known that users are likely to leave checkboxes as they were if that speeds up the process. For example, both the Dutch and the Belgium driver's license show a check box for organ donation. The Dutch box is initially unchecked, the Belgian box is initially checked. The Dutch acceptance of organ donation is 27%, the Belgium acceptance in 98%. When people were asked to make an [[Explanation]] their choice, they typically were able to make a cogent explanation of their "choice".<ref>Justin Gregg, ''If Nietzsche were a Narwhal'' Little Brown (2022-08) ISBN 978-0316388061</ref> What possible value could that explanation be to understanding?
 
* It is well known that users are likely to leave checkboxes as they were if that speeds up the process. For example, both the Dutch and the Belgium driver's license show a check box for organ donation. The Dutch box is initially unchecked, the Belgian box is initially checked. The Dutch acceptance of organ donation is 27%, the Belgium acceptance in 98%. When people were asked to make an [[Explanation]] their choice, they typically were able to make a cogent explanation of their "choice".<ref>Justin Gregg, ''If Nietzsche were a Narwhal'' Little Brown (2022-08) ISBN 978-0316388061</ref> What possible value could that explanation be to understanding?
* For ethical and safety reason, users often expect an explanation of how the networks came to a conclusion in medical, financial, legal and military applications.<ref>Neurosymbolic AI'', '''CACM 65''' No 10 pp 11-12 (2022-10)</ref>
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* For ethical and safety reason, users often expect an explanation of how the networks came to a conclusion in medical, financial, legal and military applications.<ref name="Monroe">Dan Monroe, ''Neurosymbolic AI'', '''CACM 65''' No 10 pp 11-12 (2022-10)</ref>
 
==Solutions==
 
==Solutions==
 
* The only possible explanation would be one that was made at the same time as the choice, but even then, as Malcom Gladwell explained in his book ''Blink''<ref>Malcom Gladwell, ''Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking'' (2022-04-05) ASIN B00097DWY0</ref> the choice might have been make very early and the explanation later.
 
* The only possible explanation would be one that was made at the same time as the choice, but even then, as Malcom Gladwell explained in his book ''Blink''<ref>Malcom Gladwell, ''Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking'' (2022-04-05) ASIN B00097DWY0</ref> the choice might have been make very early and the explanation later.
* Yann LeCun, chief AI scientist considers widespread concerns about explanations about how an AI works to be a "non-issue". If user Adopt "self-supervised learning, things that are not trained for a give task, but are trained generically, the problems disappear. This sounds like the arrogance of the technologist.
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* Yann LeCun, chief AI scientist considers widespread concerns about explanations about how an AI works to be a "non-issue". If user Adopt "self-supervised learning, things that are not trained for a give task, but are trained generically, the problems disappear. This sounds like the arrogance of the technologist.<ref name="Monroe" />
  
 
==Reverences==
 
==Reverences==
  
 
[[Category: Artificial Intelligence]]
 
[[Category: Artificial Intelligence]]

Revision as of 12:21, 2 October 2022

Full Title or Meme

Artificial Intelligence engines are being asked for an Explanation of how they came to a decision. Does that make any sense?

Context

Problems

  • It is well known that users are likely to leave checkboxes as they were if that speeds up the process. For example, both the Dutch and the Belgium driver's license show a check box for organ donation. The Dutch box is initially unchecked, the Belgian box is initially checked. The Dutch acceptance of organ donation is 27%, the Belgium acceptance in 98%. When people were asked to make an Explanation their choice, they typically were able to make a cogent explanation of their "choice".[1] What possible value could that explanation be to understanding?
  • For ethical and safety reason, users often expect an explanation of how the networks came to a conclusion in medical, financial, legal and military applications.[2]

Solutions

  • The only possible explanation would be one that was made at the same time as the choice, but even then, as Malcom Gladwell explained in his book Blink[3] the choice might have been make very early and the explanation later.
  • Yann LeCun, chief AI scientist considers widespread concerns about explanations about how an AI works to be a "non-issue". If user Adopt "self-supervised learning, things that are not trained for a give task, but are trained generically, the problems disappear. This sounds like the arrogance of the technologist.[2]

Reverences

  1. Justin Gregg, If Nietzsche were a Narwhal Little Brown (2022-08) ISBN 978-0316388061
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dan Monroe, Neurosymbolic AI, CACM 65 No 10 pp 11-12 (2022-10)
  3. Malcom Gladwell, Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking (2022-04-05) ASIN B00097DWY0