Difference between revisions of "Rationality"

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By KARL R. POPPER  
 
By KARL R. POPPER  
  
BACK TO METHUSELAH ' was a progressive program, com-
+
BACK TO METHUSELAH was a progressive program, compared with Back to Thales what Shaw offered us was an  
pared with ' Back to Thales what Shaw offered us was an  
+
improved expectation of life—something that was in the air, at any rate when he wrote. I have nothing to offer you, I am  
improved expectation of life—something that was in the air, at  
+
afraid, that is in the air to-day; for what I want to return to is the '''simple straightforward rationality''' of the Pre-Socratics. The simplicity and boldness of their questions is part of it, but more important still is the critical attitude which, as I shall try to show, was first developed in the Ionian School.  
any rate when he wrote. I have nothing to offer you, I am  
 
afraid, that is in the air to-day; for what I want to return to is  
 
the '''simple straightforward rationality''' of the Pre-Socratics. The  
 
simplicity and boldness of their questions is part of it, but more  
 
important still is the critical attitude which, as I shall try to show,  
 
was first developed in the Ionian School.  
 
  
The questions which the Pre-Socratics tried to answer were  
+
The questions which the Pre-Socratics tried to answer were primarily cosmological questions, but they also dealt with  
primarily cosmological questions, but they also dealt with  
+
questions of the theory of knowledge. It is my belief that philosophy must return to cosmology and to a simple theory of  
questions of the theory of knowledge. It is my belief that  
+
knowledge. There is at least one philosophical problem in which all thinking men are interested: the problem of understanding the world in which we live, including ourselves, who are  
philosophy must return to cosmology and to a simple theory of  
+
part of that world, and our knowledge of it. All science is cosmology, I believe, and for me the interest of philosophy as well as of science lies solely in their bold attempt to add to our knowledge of the world, and to the theory of our knowledge of the world. I am interested in Wittgenstein, for example, not  
knowledge. There is at least one philosophical problem in  
+
because of his linguistic philosophy, but because his Tractatus was a cosmological treatise, and because his theory of knowledge was closely linked with his cosmology.  
which all thinking men are interested: the problem of understanding the world in which we live, including ourselves, who are  
 
part of that world, and our knowledge of it. All science is  
 
cosmology, I believe, and for me the interest of philosophy as  
 
well as of science lies solely in their bold attempt to add to our knowledge of the world, and to the theory of our knowledge of  
 
the world. I am interested in Wittgenstein, for example, not  
 
because of his linguistic philosophy, but because his Tractatus  
 
was a cosmological treatise, and because his theory of knowledge  
 
was closely linked with his cosmology.  
 
 
For me, philosophy as well as science lose all attraction when  
 
For me, philosophy as well as science lose all attraction when  
 
they give up that pursuit—when they become specialists.
 
they give up that pursuit—when they become specialists.

Revision as of 14:52, 8 September 2022

Full Title or Meme

Rationality = As a basis for decision process Rationality as been assumed to be essentially. Unfortunately, rationality can be extrinsic, or based on external knowledge obtained inductively from the exiting ecosystems, or intrinsic, or based on a person's internal value system. The mixture of these two modes of thought in one person make rational decisions dependent on circumstances and not deterministic.

Context

BACK TO THE PRE-SOCRATICS By KARL R. POPPER

BACK TO METHUSELAH was a progressive program, compared with Back to Thales what Shaw offered us was an improved expectation of life—something that was in the air, at any rate when he wrote. I have nothing to offer you, I am afraid, that is in the air to-day; for what I want to return to is the simple straightforward rationality of the Pre-Socratics. The simplicity and boldness of their questions is part of it, but more important still is the critical attitude which, as I shall try to show, was first developed in the Ionian School.

The questions which the Pre-Socratics tried to answer were primarily cosmological questions, but they also dealt with questions of the theory of knowledge. It is my belief that philosophy must return to cosmology and to a simple theory of knowledge. There is at least one philosophical problem in which all thinking men are interested: the problem of understanding the world in which we live, including ourselves, who are part of that world, and our knowledge of it. All science is cosmology, I believe, and for me the interest of philosophy as well as of science lies solely in their bold attempt to add to our knowledge of the world, and to the theory of our knowledge of the world. I am interested in Wittgenstein, for example, not because of his linguistic philosophy, but because his Tractatus was a cosmological treatise, and because his theory of knowledge was closely linked with his cosmology. For me, philosophy as well as science lose all attraction when they give up that pursuit—when they become specialists.

Refences