Let's Encrypt

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Full Title

Using Let's Encrypt to maintain TSL certificates on a web site.

Context

  • The best way to get free certificates.
  • But these certificates are only good for 3 months
  • scripts are available for apache, etc. but not for ASP.NET as of 2020-02-15
  • In many ways the story of Let's Encrypt is similar to the story of Linux, its a bunch of geeks telling the rest of the world how to order itself. The result for Let's Encrypt is just as annoying as Linux. A product of the geeks, by the geeks and for the geeks.

Solutions

Certbot store working files in /etc/letsencrypt/live

  • Install certbot on Unbuntu like this
sudo snap install --classic certbot
certbot 1.19.0 from Certbot Project (certbot-eff✓) installed

Renewing Certificate looks like this

warning - cert must be renewed before expiry or the process of changing the TXT record start all over.

After challenge is posted to net solutions.org

certbot certonly --manual -d 'trustregistry.us,*.trustregistry.us'
certbot certonly --manual -d 'trustregistry.org,*.trustregistry.org'
Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log  
Plugins selected: Authenticator manual, Installer None
Cert is due for renewal, auto-renewing...
Renewing an existing certificate
Performing the following challenges:
dns-01 challenge for trustregistry.org
http-01 challenge for trustregistry.org
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NOTE: The IP of this machine will be publicly logged as having requested this
certificate. If you're running certbot in manual mode on a machine that is not
your server, please ensure you're okay with that.
Are you OK with your IP being logged?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Y)es/(N)o: yes
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Please deploy a DNS TXT record under the name
_acme-challenge.trustregistry.org with the following value:
xNAB8ckvmjBV9uq_QhPfa8Xin40SCpoTQH8qphjyvpk
Before continuing, verify the record is deployed.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Press Enter to Continue
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Create a file containing just this data:

VddIbg1TP9nhOxL7X8tJqJCYbFCEHeYS4Eol0hBZjPw.R5Pdn5cwDU36dCaEUseg8k2-ykmZJIcv2F7ivAV_xgs

paJRQpKlTkenmAWkqEQ3lYNw8O7_ZnwV3VC5Qg37tco.R5Pdn5cwDU36dCaEUseg8k2-ykmZJIcv2F7ivAV_xgs

hOzKpYwAYlTex5pVMMnOFF9qVXk2ZUE7ovmceb5LivA.R5Pdn5cwDU36dCaEUseg8k2-ykmZJIcv2F7ivAV_xgs

And make it available on your web server at this URL:
http://trustregistry.org/.well-known/acme-challenge/VddIbg1TP9nhOxL7X8tJqJCYbFCEHeYS4Eol0hBZjPw
(This must be set up in addition to the previous challenges; do not remove,
replace, or undo the previous challenge tasks yet.)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Press Enter to Continue

http://trustregistry.org/.well-known/acme-challenge/hOzKpYwAYlTex5pVMMnOFF9qVXk2ZUE7ovmceb5LivA

Now copy the challenge and response into file named TextDocument.txt

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Press Enter to Continue
Waiting for verification...
Cleaning up challenges
IMPORTANT NOTES:
- Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:
  /etc/letsencrypt/live/trustregistry.org/fullchain.pem
  Your key file has been saved at:
  /etc/letsencrypt/live/trustregistry.org/privkey.pem
  Your cert will expire on 2021-06-10. To obtain a new or tweaked
  version of this certificate in the future, simply run certbot
  again. To non-interactively renew *all* of your certificates, run
  "certbot renew"
root@docker-s-1vcpu-1gb-sfo2-01:/home/app/TrustRegistry5/TrustRegistry/wwwroot# cat letschallenge.csv
challenge,Response
Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw,Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw.L2f0KHXQiB90lHz5-2CW8aZ3YUxcla5Ts5HFQq4MzEg
root@docker-s-1vcpu-1gb-sfo2-01:/home/app/TrustRegistry5/TrustRegistry/wwwroot# echo Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw,Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw.L2f0KHXQiB90lHz5-2CW8aZ3YUxcla5Ts5HFQq4MzEg
Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw,Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw.L2f0KHXQiB90lHz5-2CW8aZ3YUxcla5Ts5HFQq4MzEg
root@docker-s-1vcpu-1gb-sfo2-01:/home/app/TrustRegistry5/TrustRegistry/wwwroot# echo Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw,Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw.L2f0KHXQiB90lHz5-2CW8aZ3YUxcla5Ts5HFQq4MzEg >> letschallenge.csv
root@docker-s-1vcpu-1gb-sfo2-01:/home/app/TrustRegistry5/TrustRegistry/wwwroot# cat letschallenge.csv
challenge,Response
Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw,Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw.L2f0KHXQiB90lHz5-2CW8aZ3YUxcla5Ts5HFQq4MzEg
Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw,Zsaj-KZYcJK7rpgUA2X_9jYRijnktUj0HXG8zra6Iqw.L2f0KHXQiB90lHz5-2CW8aZ3YUxcla5Ts5HFQq4MzEg

Prepare pfx file

openssl pkcs12 -export -in cert.pem -inkey privkey.pem -out trorg.pfx

or

openssl pkcs12 -export -in cert.pem -inkey privkey.pem -out trus.pfx

It Might be necessary to reboot the Computer

sudo shutdown -r

References