Policy-Based Access Control
Full Title or Meme
- This wiki applies specifically to policy expressed digitally in communications protocols; not that in human resources policies.
- The most common Attribute-Based Access Control language XACML expanded their scope in version 3.0 to include the description Policy-Based Access Control although policy statement was defined in earlier versions.
These are all written by geeks, and for geeks. What is needed is some policy that works in a real-world user journey. In other words, the user needs to be able to understand what is expected and when.
For more background see the page Policy Language.
They have been working with the government of Aruba and come up with the most through look at the problem in 2022. The have picked the unfortunate name of Machine Readable Governance, but it really is a description of the government's policy. Unfortunately, it might change daily and does not meet the requirement of testing by the user and remaining valid for even the duration of a flight from the US to the island.
- Machine Readable Governance. A JWT with a mishmash of different levels of abstraction from human readable questions to access policy.
- Cardea on GitHub.
This wiki page is interested in the machine-readable policy language and how it can be applied to access control.
Policy can be made at the government level or by a resource owner. When a user is attempting to access some digital resource or some real-world venue, it is typically important for the user to know if they have the credentials to achieve their objective in advance. For example, in the Biometric Pre-Check use case the traveler (denoted as the holder in the image below) is expected to be able to determine if they can pass through the check-in line before they even leave home for the airport. The solid lines in the figure below are data transfers. The dotted lines are physical presentations, not all of which are required in every case.
- For policy applied at the web page origin see the wiki page on Content Security Policy.