Native App Security
Full Title and Meme
An app or application that is installed by the user to their device, as distinct from a Web App that runs in the browser context only. Apps implemented using web-based technology but distributed as a native app, so-called "hybrid apps", are considered equivalent to native apps by RFC 8252.
- The day when a personal computer was for running applications for the user is long gone, never to return.
- Today a personal computer depends on cloud based service for nearly all of its functionality.
- Some of those sites are willing to use a trusted User Agent, typically a web browser from a well-known and trusted vendor for rendering its content.
- The first of the Laws of Security tell us that when an attacker gets to run their code on your computer, it is no longer just your computer any longer.
- But now many Web Sites encourage to run their applications on the user device to improve their control of the User Experience.
- When these apps exchange user data with other locations, they are considered by OAuth 2.0 to be operating a clients of the user.
- But the security of these apps is questionable, a IETF standard OAuth 2.0 for Native Apps seeks to address some of the issues.
- For the case where the user is not forced to allow an application to run on their personal device, see the page Web Site Security.
- One of the worst case scenarios for Native App security is that of payments made directly from a user's bank account without the user selected user agent (browser) assuring that the user consents to the payment.
- In Open Banking it is proposed that a payment initiator and a bank can both have Native Apps running where the payment initiator app asks the banking app on the same device for permission to remove money from the user's account.
- The article Watch Out for a Clever Touch ID Scam Hitting the App Store shows how unscrupulous apps can fool the user in to granting access to their bank accounts.
- A Web View is a display of information from a Web Site. There is no trustworthy indication that the Native App has correctly displayed the information that it obtained from the Web Site.
- The Native App exposes its name and the web site that backs it in a manner that allows the user to make a meaningful trust decision.
- Joint use Native Apps are provide to some industries for all to use. It makes the trust decision by the user much more difficult.
- Same Site was designed to help, but as of (2018-09-21) is not consistently applied.
NIST NCCoE Support
- Mobile Device Security Community of Interest from the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence, author Gema Howell (2019-08)
- Rules for apps installed on Android devices 
- Adding Server-Side License Verification to Your App
- App Licensing
- Pre Oauth Entity Trust describes a means to represent third-party application endorsement for health care applications. POET’s goal is to help consumers distinguish between applications that have an endorsement versus applications that have no pedigree (i.e untrusted and could be malicious).
- Android App list of Data Categories that require User Consent. https://support.google.com/googleplay/answer/6270602?hl=en
Apple iPhone Support
- Rules for apps installed on Apple devices are (not clear)
- Apple iPhone App Requesting Permission: https://developer.apple.com/design/human-interface-guidelines/ios/app-architecture/requesting-permission/
- Apple iPhone app Requesting Authorization to use System Features: https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/core_app/protecting_the_user_s_privacy
- Apple CKContainer manages all attempts to access user data on the device or in iCloud. https://developer.apple.com/documentation/cloudkit/ckcontainer
- Windows (UWP) settings are on all Windows 10 computer, but do not seem to be shown anywhere on the web. Just navigate start -> settings -> privacy -> app settings.
- Rules for apps installed on Windows devices are of two types, but it is not clear how the user could possibly distinguish, so the concept has not been helpful.
- Handling Android App Links. https://developer.android.com/training/app-links/
- The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) is a 501(c)(3) worldwide not-for-profit charitable organization focused on improving the security of web site software.
- ISACs are member-driven organizations, delivering all-hazards threat and mitigation information to asset owners and operators.
- Native App wiki page.
- Native App Privacy wiki page.